Swiss Fairness Commission advises world football’s governing body against making unsubstantiated claims in the future.
FIFA, headed by President Gianni Infantino, says it was ‘fully aware’ of the environmental impact its events have and has been making ‘substantial efforts to tackle those impacts’
Football’s world governing body FIFA made false and misleading statements about the reduced environmental impact of the 2022 World Cup in Qatar, a Swiss regulator said on Wednesday.
The Swiss Fairness Commission (SLK), the self-regulatory body of the advertising and communications industry, made its determination after investigating five claims that the Zurich-based Federation Internationale de Football Association (FIFA) marketed the tournament as being carbon neutral.
The commission, which issues recommendations, but no state-enforceable judgements, advised FIFA against making unsubstantiated claims in the future. It said complainants usually implement its recommendations voluntarily.
FIFA said it was “fully aware” of the environmental impact its events have and has been making “substantial efforts to tackle those impacts”.
The organisation said it was analysing the reasons for the commission’s recommendations, and may appeal.
Complainants from Switzerland, France, Belgium, the United Kingdom and the Netherlands said FIFA made false statements in its communications about carbon neutrality at the World Cup, the commission said.
“The Second Chamber of the Commission has now upheld all five complaints following a complex process,” the Swiss Fairness Commission added.
FIFA had promoted the Qatar World Cup as the first completely climate-neutral tournament, saying it was committed to reducing and offsetting carbon emissions it generated.
But the Climate Alliance, a network of groups which launched the complaint last year, was concerned about the environmental impact from the construction of air-conditioned stadiums and the thousands of fans who flew to the tournament.
In its decision, the commission said it should not be claimed that sustainability goals have been achieved if there are no definitive and generally accepted methods for measuring them, or ensuring measures have been implemented.
“FIFA was not able to provide proof that the claims were accurate during the proceedings as required by the commission,” it said.
Raphael Mahaim, from the group Lawyers for the Climate, said he was delighted with the ruling, which he said exposed FIFA’s greenwashing.
“FIFA said it was taking the climate change seriously, and taking the credit for this, and this wasn’t true,” Reuters news agency quoted him as saying.
FIFA’s claims were damaging because it meant companies and individuals scaling back their own actions to reduce their carbon emissions because they thought FIFA had offset them.
“Ultimately, false claims like this damage the campaign for carbon neutrality,” said Mahaim, who is also a Swiss MP for the Green Party.
Quentin Cuendet of Avocat.e.s pour le Climat (Lawyers for the Climate), which drew up the complaint in Switzerland, said the finding was “a strong message for all companies that would like to lend themselves to greenwashing”.